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All typescripts must be in their final form in all respects. The Editors will not submit any typescript to referees which they do not consider to be satisfactory.
Articles should be written in English. Spelling (either British or American) should be consistent throughout.
Nothing should be put in a non-roman script unless it is essential for the purpose of the article or review. Arabic, Hebrew, Syriac and Greek can be printed subject to the following considerations:
The following transliteration system must be observed; the JAS system must be used consistently throughout, except for quotations.
ʾ – b – t – th – j -ḥ – kh – d – dh – r – z – s – sh – ṣ – ḍ – ṭ – ẓ – ʿ – gh – f – q – k – l – m – n – h – w – y
Text should be kept as plain as possible; neither justification nor automatic or manual hyphenation should be used. The first line of a paragraph should be indented, except after a blank line, a (sub)heading or a block quotation (see below).
Articles must have a short abstract (5-10 lines long) and a maximum of 6 keywords on the first page.
Do not use full stops in abbreviations which consist of sets of initials (GAL not G.A.L.). Other abbreviations (but not contractions – see below) should be followed by full stops. Retain full stops for initials in personal names: A.F.L. Beeston (without a space between the A. the F. and the L.).
Apart from the rule that no space separates abbreviations of personal names, there should be a space after any abbreviation which is followed by a full stop: p. 63.
General abbreviations should follow the Oxford English Dictionary.
i.e., and e.g., should be followed by a comma.
Abbreviations of journal titles and well-known encyclopaedias, etc., must be those commonly used: EI, EI2, EI3, EQ, JAS, JESHO, SI.
BCE, CE, and AH follow the date. All Islamic dates should be given in the form 700/1300 (i.e., AH followed by CE). None of these abbreviations has full stops.
Complex hierarchies of numbered or lettered headings in articles should be avoided unless essential for clarity.
Italics must be indicated by using an italic font. Ensure that all diacritics and accents remain clear. Use italics for the titles of printed books and journals, but do not italicize the word “Koran” or books of the Bible.
Titles of series will be in roman and should not be italicized.
Foreign words, except those which have become naturalized, are set in italics, as is material transliterated from foreign scripts, on which see below.
Italics are used for abbreviations where the original full words were in italic.
Foreign words should be used in their English naturalized forms, without italics or diacritics, unless they form part of the text in the original language.
For quotations within text, use double quotation marks; single quotation marks should be reserved for quotes within quotes.
When a quotation forms part of a longer sentence, include the full stop within the quotation only if it consists of a grammatically complete sentence. Otherwise, the full stop or comma follows the closing quotation mark.
Words and quotations in italic transliteration or non-roman script do not need quotation marks. Any material added to a quotation, including [sic], should appear in square brackets.
Sources of quotations should be given in footnotes.
Quotations longer than about three lines (30 words approx.) should be indented without quotation marks.
Articles should give shortened versions of bibliographical references in the footnotes:
Farābī, Mūsīqā, I, 122-131; Rahman, Health and Medicine, 59-90; Perry, Layered Bread, 89-90; Waines, Food, 222-223; Waines and Marin, Muzawwar, 292.
The details of the sources are given in a complete list of references at the end of the article, first primary sources, then secondary sources. Authors should ensure that bibliographic information supplied is complete and consistent. JAS uses the following conventions:
Footnote numbers in the text (numbered consecutively throughout) should be clear (not too small) and should not be accompanied by brackets or other marks. They should be in superscript numbers above the line of writing: Kitāb al-Ḥayawān.63
Footnote markers should be placed after any punctuation which appears at the end of the sentence, phrase or clause to which the footnote is attached.
In the footnotes themselves, each note should begin with the footnote number (in superscript and not followed by any full stop or other punctuation).
MATERIAL NOT CONFORMING TO THE ABOVE WILL BE RETURNED TO THE AUTHORS